The Internet of Things: The next computing platform

Note:  This post was originally written for and published on http://ibmcai.com/

Early phases of the Internet included connecting people to static information and more recently, people to people.   Over the next decade, the Internet will evolve to connect people to physical things and also physical things to other physical things …all in real time. It will become the Internet of Things:  Billions of interconnected smart devices measuring, moving, and acting upon, sometimes independently, all the bits of data that make up daily life.

Internet of Things network

So what really is the Internet of Things?   It is made up of physical objects (“things”) that have chips, sensors embedded in them that allow the sensing, capturing and communication of all types of data. These devices are then linked through both wired and wireless networks to the Internet.  Advanced  “things” have actuators embedded into them as well, giving them the capability to interact with other devices, computing systems and the external environment, including people.

If you look around you as you read this, you will see many physical objects that already have or could easily be embedded with a sensor in order to track some type of measurement or activity happening.  Forecasts for how many objects will be sensor-enabled in the next five years run into the tens of billions.  IDC has estimated that by 2020 there will be 30 billion internet-connected, sensor-enabled objects and another 182 billion that could easily be enabled.

IoT Infographic - 212 billion

Image source: IBM. Data source: IDC

The big game changer is that when all these physical objects can sense, analyze and interact on their own, it changes how and where decisions are made, and who makes them.  The important thing to remember though is the embedded device by itself is not the game changer….it’s the combination of the applications, the people, and the processes around the “things”.   The IT challenge is to design IoT-enabled systems and then help their teams learn how to leverage the information collected as a decision-making tool.

Internet of Things will impact business processes, change business models, and transform industries. It will also be big business.  According to new research from International Data Corporation (IDC), the worldwide market for IoT solutions will grow from $1.9 trillion in 2013 to $7.1 trillion in 2020.

What types of changes in processes will the Internet of Things enable?  Here are some examples:

  • Wearable healthcare devices can monitor a patient’s blood pressure, heart rate and other metrics and transmit that data to a doctor anywhere in the world.
  • Flow rates of water, oil and gas pipelines, no matter how remote, can be monitored and actions taken to reduce or cut off the flow.
  • A homeowner can view his house on a web page or smartphone app, complete with the status of interior devices such as the security alarm, heating system and more.
  • RFID tags on boxes of merchandise can track a box as it leaves the manufacturer and then all through the supply chain until purchased by the end user.
  • Sensors embedded into roads measure traffic congestion and report that information to not only city crews, but the whole population via the Internet.
  • Smart clothing, including a smart “onsie” for babies, is being developed.
  • Sensors are increasingly being used by farmers to monitor irrigation and livestock in their fields.
  • Thousands of video cameras are being deployed in large urban environments to monitor traffic and activity on city streets.

We can’t imagine the full potential of the Internet of Things today.   It will go beyond even these examples, not just people interacting with objects, but objects interacting with each other, creating what might eventually become something of a global central nervous system.

In future blog posts, I will explore other facets of the emerging Internet of Things trend, including the driving forces, the challenges that we must overcome, and the implications for business leaders and IT professionals

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Cognitive Computing Trend and Prediction Articles for 2014

We are fast-approaching a new era of computing called cognitive computing. Cognitive computing systems will learn, interact and adapt naturally to support consumers, knowledge workers and business decision makers. This new computing era is not an incremental change. It will disrupt industries and how work gets performed within those industries. It signifies a fundamental shift in how machines interact with us and the environment.

I recently published my trend report  Cognitive Computing Trends to Watch in 2014.   The report provides an overview of Cognitive Computing and what to watch in 2014 in related topics like IBM Watson, Artificial Intelligence, and Smart Machines.   In the deck, I provide  important trends and predictions about Cognitive Computing trends in 2014.

Below I’ve provided you some articles on this trend that I thought you would want to read.


Source Title
The Economist Group The machine of a new soul
BGR What might finally take Siri to the next level? You.
IPWatchdog What is a Computer?
opus Research 10 Trends to Watch: Conversational Commerce 2014
inside BigData A Look Ahead at Big Data and Cognitive Computing
Wired Innovation Insights Artificial Intelligence Set to Deliver ‘Wow’
CSC Becoming a Believer in Artificial Intelligence
New York Times Brainlike Computers, Learning From Experience
IBM Bringing Cognitive Computing to the Enterprise
The Bridge Cognition-as-a-Service will be big in 2014

 

Internet of Things (IoT) Trend and Prediction Articles for 2014

The Internet of Things (IoT) is made up of physical objects (“things”) that have chips, sensors and actuators embedded in them that allow the sensing, capturing and communication of all types of data. These devices are then linked through both wired and wireless networks to the Internet. The IT challenge is to design IoT enabled systems and then leverage the information collected as a tool to help decision makers make better decisions.

I recently published my trend report Internet of Things: Trends to Watch in 2014 out on slideshare.   The report provides an overview of Internet of Things (IoT) and what to watch in 2014. Below I’ve provided you some articles on this trend that I thought you would want to read.

Source Title
InterSog How wearable technology will change future mobile paradigm [Part 1]
ComputerWorld.IN Internet of Things: 2013 Highlights & Outlook 2014
CNBC Wearable tech: What it needs to be a game-changer
Credit Suisse The Future of Wearable Technology
ZDNet AT&T’s predictions for the enterprise in 2014
Cisco Predictions 2014: Wager on the Internet of Everything
Digital-MR Driving Better Business Decisions With Social Media Research And The Internet Of Things
Forbes Credit Suisse Says Warable Tech The Next Big Thing
InfoTales 5 Things to Look Forward to in the Future of Wearable Technology
MsM News Will the ‘Internet of things’ be a thing in 2014?

 

28 Internet of Things (IoT) Trends and Prediction Articles for 2013

Internet of Things For the last 10 posts I’ve been sharing my research with you around top trends for 2013. I’ve covered everything from Social Business to Big Data to Cloud Computing.   Today I am sharing a list of 28 articles and blog posts that discuss the developments we might see in 2013 around the trend called “Internet of Things” or IoT for short.

The IoT refers to the explosion of embedded sensors and intelligent devices that are flooding our every day lives.  Sensors are being embedded in all sorts of ‘things’ from fitness monitors, to cars, to water main valves.   There are forecasts from industry analysts that say there will be up to 100 billion uniquely identifiable objects connected to the Internet by 2020.  Many of these devices will be able to talk to other devices and computers without any human intervention.  Enterprises can deploy their own sensor networks, building sense and respond systems that can work autonomously.  Some say that the IoT will be the most disruptive technological revolution since the advent of the World Wide Web. 

Below you will find a list of 28 articles that discuss the IoT and what developments we might expect to see in 2013. 

Source Title of Article / Blog Post
AlertMe CES 2013 and The Internet of Things
BusinessWeek CES 2013: Connected Devices and the Internet of Things
Connect.innovateuk.org 2013 likely to be a big year for IoT
Elizabeth Presson 2013 Forecast: The Internet of Things is Changing Your World, So Pay Attention
Elizabeth Presson The Internet of Things at CES 2013
Fierce Wireless Europe 2013 M2M predictions
Forbes CES 2013: The Break-Out Year For The Internet Of Things
Forbes CES 2013: The Four-Sentence Summary
Forbes How The Internet Of Things Will Change Almost Everything
formtek.com The Internet of Things: Engine of Economic Growth?
Frost & Sullivan Global Increase in Adoption of Real-Time Location Systems Depends on Technological Innovations
IT Watch Dogs In 2013, expect the ‘Internet of Things’ to take off
M2MWorldNews Deutsche Telekom M2M predictions for 2013
MediaPost The Internet Of Things And The Data It Will Produce
MIT Technology Review 2013: The year of the Internet of Things
newelectronics.co.uk Outlook 2013: Are you ready for the ‘Internet of Things’?
RCR Wireless 2013 Predictions: M2M and the ‘Internet of things’ in 2013
SemanticWeb How the Internet of Things Will Reshape the World in 2013
SemanticWeb.com 2013: The Year of the Internet of Things
Solid State Technology 2013: Building the internet of things with MEMS and 3D advances
sourcedigit.com Why 2013 is going to be the year of the Internet of Things
TechRepublic 2013’s hot topic: The Internet of Things (and our new way of covering it)
The Next Web Quantified Self and the Internet of Things: Everyone is collecting your data, so why shouldn’t you?
The Next Web Why 2013 will be the year of the Internet of Things
ThreeWill Predictions – Internet of Things
VentureBeat 2013: The Internet of things, delivered via smartphone
Venturebeat.com 2013 will be the year of ‘the Internet of things’ as more than 5B wireless chips ship
Wired 2013 and the Internet of Things